How to Study Candlestick

How to Study Candlestick in Trading

In this article, I am going to discuss how to study candlesticks in trading. As part of this article, we will discuss the following three important pointers in detail related to Candlestick in Trading.

  1. What is a candlestick?
  2. How to Study Candlestick?
  3. The 6 principles for analyzing candlestick
What is a candlestick? 

The candlesticks are the reflections of what buyers and sellers are doing. To what extent do they move the price and the strength behind the move? CANDLES TELL YOU who is in control but do not tell you about the strength of buyers or sellers behind the move; candle with volume shows that

What is a candlestick? 

The Open:

Open price tells us the balance between buyers and sellers at the opening of that period. The opening value is the first trade of the day. After the traders have time to review the markets overnight, the open represents the desired position of investors to begin the day. The change from the previous close to the open reflects new sentiments. Also, institutions looking to accumulate (or distribute) positions often place orders at the open because the open trade is often the largest, most liquid trade of the day. In this way, the opening might be one of the best times to accumulate/ distribute a large stock volume while minimizing the impact on the stock’s price.

The High:

The high is the highest point the stock traded during the session. The high is the furthest point the bulls were able to push the stock higher before sellers regained control to push the stock back down. The high represents a stronghold for sellers and a resistance area to buyers. There is one exception: when the stock closes on the high, it does not encounter any real resistance from the sellers. The buyers just ran out of time.

The Low:

The low is the lowest point the stock traded during the session. It is the furthest point the bears were able to force down the stock before buyers regained control and pushed the stock up. The low represents an area where enough demand exists to prevent the price from lowering. The exception is when the security closes on the low. When the stock closed at the low, it did not encounter buying support. Rather, the bulls were saved by the closing bell of the session.

The Close:

Close price tells us where the balance point was at the end of the period. The close is the last price agreed upon between buyers and sellers, ending the trading session. The close is the market’s final evaluation. A lot can happen between one close and the next close. The close represents investors’ sentiments and convictions of investors at the end of the day. It is the position investors desire to hold after-hours when investors cannot trade with liquidity until the next session opens. The closing price is the first (often the only) price most investors desire to know.

The Change:

The change is the difference between close and close. The difference in the closing value one day versus the closing value the next. When this difference is positive, it tells us that demand outweighs supply. When this difference is negative, it tells us that supply is increasing beyond demand. The change is perhaps the most sought-after piece of financial data.

The Range:

The range is the spread of values within which the stock trades throughout the day. The range spans between the bar’s highest point and the same bar’s lowest point. It is measured from the top of the bar, where resistance is low and support comes in. The size of the range gives us important information about how easily demand can move the s took up or supply forces the price down. The wider the range, the easier it is for the forces of supply and demand to move the stock price.


This is nothing, but when the CURRENT CANDLE closes, it is ABOVE the previous candle’s close.


When the CURRENT close is BELOW the previous candle close


With the proper understanding of CANDLESTICK, you can predict what is about to happen in the near future

#Pro Tips: we (retailers) can’t move the market, so every candle shows what smart money is trying to show. So their move trap or genuine is only validated by volume
#Pro Tips: CANDLESTICK shows half of the information, and the volume shows the other half of the information


Introduction to CANDLESTICK


SENIMATE = BULLISH, 2 consecutive higher close candles. Let’s add volume to this candle

If the volume had represented buying, how can the spread be narrow?

2nd candle range is smaller than 1st candle
2nd candle volume greater than 1st candle
Think why the volume is greater than 1st candle.

Let me explain to you.

If the volume had represented buying, how could the spread be narrow?
  • Either the professional money is selling into the buying, the possible reversal in the near future
  • There is a trading range to the left, and the professional money is prepared to absorb the selling from traders locked into this old trading range. I mean, break out may happen.

Let’s understand the chart.

Understanding Candelstick

If the next bar is down, closing near its lows, this confirms the professional selling

Candlestick Overview

A low volume down candle close to the middle or top shows that smart money testing supply and no more supply available 2nd candle was the buyer’s volume if the next candle closes above the current candle


  • Principle Number One: The length of any wick, either to the top or bottom of the candle, is ALWAYS the first point of focus because it instantly shows strength, weakness, and indecision, and most importantly, where SMART-MONEY enters.
  • Principle Number Two: If no wick is created, this signals strong market sentiment toward the closing price. SMART-MONEY active there
  • Principle Number Three: A wide body represents strong market sentiment, and a narrow body presents weak market sentiment. A Narrow body with a heavy volume of either Smart Money observing for the continuous move or Smart Money entering in the opposite direction
  • Principle Number Four: A candle of the same type will have a completely different meaning depending on where it appears in a price trend. Start of the trend or middle of the trend, end of the trend, at support or resistance, or in the consolidation phase. Candlestick should analyze the context of the move. You should never try to read the market by looking at one day’s action in isolation. Read the market phase-by-phase and then read the latest day’s action into the phase.
  • Principle Number Five: Volume validates price. First, see what CANDLESTICK is telling you, then validate by volume. Is it validating or not with the CANDLESTICK price action?
  • Principle Number SIX: When a particular timeframe doesn’t make sense, then move to the next higher time frame for the big picture or lower timeframe for the microstructure of the move

In the next article, I will discuss Candlestick Analysis in Trading. In this article, I try to explain how to study candlesticks in trading. I hope you enjoy this article. Please join my Telegram Channel, YouTube Channel, and Facebook Group to learn more and clear your doubts. 

23 thoughts on “How to Study Candlestick”

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      Trading with smart monwy

      At market top when retailers buying , professional selling to retailers.exaample Retailers buying for breakout of previous high professional simple selling and false break out at top forming M pattern, just an example of M pattern

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    Thanks for the article, i would like to ask a question: for a narrow body candle with higher volume compared with prior candle, if smart money is not active, what could have been responsible for higher volume and can volume be used in forex?

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    You mention that we can ask doubts on Telegram channel. I have joined your telegram channel. However it seems to allow you to broadcast message to entire group only and members cannot reply back or ask anything. Please Let us know if there is any other way to reach out to you.

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    i have no words to explain how useful knowledgeable article this one
    thanks a lots guru ji
    i want to chat talk with u either phone or any social networking site with.
    please accept my request .

    Thanks & Regards

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    very useful knowledgeable
    thanks a lot sir
    sir can i get the physical copy or book from any stores
    Thanks & Regards
    manoj shah

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    Ma Karachi sa hon or ap ki videos dekh ma ne kafi trading ko improve kia ha ap ki har video unique Hoti ha or Jis topic or contest par ap video banatey hain you tube channel par ap ki videos ka koi competition ni ha or na hoga.
    In Sha Allah

    Qazi Toseef
    From Karachi, Pakistan

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