JSP Tutorials for Beginners and Professionals

JSP Tutorials for Beginners and Professionals

JSP Tutorials for Beginners and Professionals

In this JSP Tutorials for Beginners and Professionals article series, we are going to discuss all the basic, intermediate, and advanced concepts of JSP with simple as well as real-time examples.

This JSP tutorial is for whom?

This JSP tutorial is designed for beginners, students, and professional Java developers who want to learn and enhance their JSP skills step by step from scratch. These tutorials provide a hands-on approach to the subject with step-by-step program examples that will assist you to learn and put the acquired knowledge of JSP into practice.

Why JSP?

Java Server Pages (JSP) technology is the Java platform technology for delivering dynamic content to web clients in a portable, secure, and well-defined way. The Java Server Pages specification extends the Java Servlet API to supply web application developers with a strong framework for creating a dynamic web page on the server using HTML, XML templates, and Java code, which is secure, fast, and independent of server platforms. JSP has been built on top of the Servlet API and utilizes Servlet semantics. JSP has become the well-liked request handler and response mechanism. Although JSP technology goes to be a strong successor to basic Servlets, they need an evolutionary relationship and may be utilized in a cooperative and complementary manner.

In the initial days of servlets, sun Microsystems failed to attract ASP programmers to servlets. The reasons are:

  1. ASP supports tag-based programming, servlet doesn’t support it.
  2. To work with servlet string knowledge is required. It is very difficult for an ASP programmer to learn Java.

To overcome the above problems Sun Microsystems has given a tag-based technology called JSP having all the features of Servlet. So, any programmer can use JSP without having strong knowledge of Java/Servlet.

Advantages of JSP over Servlet

JSP technology was designed to simplify the process of creating pages. It simplifies the process by separating web presentations from web content. JSP is a collection of HTML tags and JSP tags and Java code. Every JSP page is saved with the extension .jsp. This JSP can be placed in the root folder or WEB-INF. The JSP placed in the root folder is a public resource and this resource can access by the client directly. The JSP placed inside WEB-INF is a private resource, which can’t access directly by the client. Client access this resource using a public URL defined inside web.xml.

Servlets are powerful and sometimes they’re a touch cumbersome when it involves generating complex HTML. Most servlets contain a touch code that handles application logic and tons of more code that handles output formatting. This can make it difficult to separate and reuse portions of the code when a special output format is required. For these reasons, web application developers turn towards JSP as their preferred servlet environment.

Difference Between JSP and ASP:
  1. JSP stands for Java Server Pages is a technology introduced by Sun Microsystems whereas ASP stands for Active Server Pages is a technology introduced by Microsoft.
  2. ASP pages can connect to MYSQL and MS Access databases and also can connect to other databases with the help of ADO whereas JSP can connect to any databases loading the appropriate driver when needed.
  3. JSP is a technology that helps developers to implement and develop dynamic web pages, whereas ASP is Microsoft’s server-side script engine for dynamically generated web pages.
  4. With respect to the performance perspective, JSP code runs faster than ASP.
  5. JSP is mainly used by Apache Tomcat Web Server and is mainly implemented on Linux-based web servers and also runs on JBoss and IBM application servers, whereas ASP is mainly based on Microsoft IIS server and is implemented on Windows-based systems.
  6. JSP is free of cost whereas ASP is not free and requires a proper license for usage.
  7. JSP mainly works with Java Security Model whereas ASP is mainly based on the Windows NT Security Architecture Model.
Difference Between JSP and Servlets:
  1. If we perform any modifications on the existing Servlets then we have to perform recompiling and reloading onto the server explicitly whereas if we perform any modifications on the existing JSP then it is not required to perform recompilation and reloading because JSP pages are auto-compiled and autoloaded.
  2. In JSP business logic is isolated from presentation logic by using JavaBeans, whereas in Servlet we have to execute everything like business logic and presentation logic in one servlet file.
  3. Session Management is automatically enabled in JSP, whereas in Servlet, by default session management is disabled, the user needs to enable it explicitly.
  4. From a performance perspective, JSP is slower than Servlet because the initial step is the translation of JSP to Java code in the JSP lifecycle and then compilation.
  5. In JSP, packages can be imported anywhere top, middle, and bottom, whereas, in Servlet, every package needs to be imported on top of the Servlet.
  6. JSP is used for displaying output data whereas Servlet plays a controller role in the MVC pattern.
Difference Between JSP and SSI:
  1. JSP is a Java standard technology that enables you to write dynamic, data-driven pages for your Java web applications whereas SSI is a simple server-side scripting language exclusively for the World Wide Web.
  2. JSP uses servlets instead of a separate program to generate dynamic parts as well as JSP allows for richer processing of form data. SSI invokes an existing servlet and its output is inserted whole into a static page.
  3. JSP is executed by the container’s JSP servlet whereas SSI is executed by the webserver engine.
  4. JSP is executed only once during JSP compile time whereas SSI is executed on every request.
  5. JSP works in JSP files only whereas SSI works in non-JSP files as well.
Difference Between JSP and HTML:
  1. JSP is a technology that helps software developers to create dynamically generated web pages based on HTML whereas HTML is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
  2. JSP can generate dynamic content whereas HTML can generate static content only.
  3. JSP can access server-side resources whereas HTML can access client-side resources.
  4. HTML does not allow to placement of Java code inside HTML pages whereas JSP allows the placing Java code inside JSP pages.
  5. HTML also does not allow placing a custom tag or third-party tag whereas JSP allows placing a custom tag or third-party tag.
  6. HTML provides emphasis on appearance, semantics, and layout in the browser whereas JSP can invoke built-in functionality from the server.
  7. HTML runs in a web browser whereas JSP runs directly on the Web Server and local JVM.
  8. HTML provides a means to describe the structure of text-based information whereas JSP provides a dynamic interface for continuously changing data and dynamically invokes server actions.
Difference Between JSP and JavaScript:
  1. JSP is a technology based on Servlet container and Java EE whereas JavaScript is a scripting language.
  2. JSP in integration with HTML can be embedded around the Java code using Scriptlets whereas JavaScript in integration with HTML can’t be embedded inside.
  3. JSP requires Servlet container-based web or application server to deploy the JSP web pages whereas JavaScript requires a JavaScript engine to run the code.
  4. JSP is maintained by the Java specification group whereas JavaScript is maintained by the ECMA TC-39 committee.
  5. JSP supports HTTP and FTP WebLogic whereas JavaScript supports only HTTP.
  6. It is difficult to maintain larger projects in JSP whereas in JavaScript it is easier and more flexible to develop large and complex projects.
  7. JSP supports all browsers easily whereas JavaScript supports contents in a few browsers depending on the functionalities.
  8. JSP will be rendered from the Server Side using servlet technology whereas JavaScript is available in major browsers in client and server-side environments.
JSP Application design with MVC

JSP Tutorials for Beginners and Professionals

MVC was first described by Xerox in the late 1980s. The purpose of using MVC is to separate components into three distinct units: The Model, the View, and the Controller. This is a server-side implementation of a popular MVC design pattern.

The Model is the separation of the way application data is modeled; this is the data layer that consists of the business logic of the system. It consists of all the data of the application and represents the state of the application.

The View is from the way it is presented. It is a presentation Layer that normally presents the UI of the application. It is used to display the data fetched from the controller. It shows the data on the UI of the application.

The Controller is a separate component to handle the processing in between. It acts as an interface between the View Layer and the Model Layer. It receives the request from View Layer and processes it and also does the necessary validation for the request. It intercepts all the requests from the view layer.

In a server application, we commonly classify the parts of the appliance as business logic, presentation, and request processing. Business logic is the term used for the manipulation of an application’s data, i.e., customer, product, and order information. Presentation refers to how the appliance is shown to the user, i.e., the position, font, and size. And finally, request processing is what ties the business logic and presentation parts together. In MVC terms, the Model corresponds to business logic and data, the View to the presentation logic, and therefore the Controller to the request processing.

What you will learn from these JSP Tutorials for Beginners and Professionals Course?

As part of this JSP Tutorial, you will learn the following concepts

Introduction to JSP
  1. What are JavaServer Pages?
  2. Problem with Servlet
  3. Why JSP pages are more advantageous than Servlet?
  4. Why Use JSP?
  5. Advantages and Disadvantages of JSP
  6. Features of JSP
  7. Creating a simple JSP Page
  8. Process of Execution
  9. How to run a simple JSP Page?
  10. Do I need to follow the directory structure to run a simple JSP?
  11. The Directory structure of JSP
  12. The Architecture of a JSP Application
  13. What is a JSP container?
JSP – Environment Setup
  1. Setting up the Java Development Kit
  2. Setting up Web Server: Tomcat
  3. Setting up CLASSPATH


  1. Eclipse IDE
  2. Netbeans IDE
  3. MyEclipse IDE.
  1. javax.servlet.jsp package
  2. javax.servlet.jsp.tagext
  3. The JspPage interface
  4. Methods of JspPage interface
  5. The HttpJspPage interface
  6. Method of HttpJspPage interface
  7. Classes of JSP API
  8. The Erro Data Class
  9. Methods of Erro Data Class
  10. The JspWriter Class
  11. Methods of JspWriter Class
  12. The PageContext Class
  13. Methods of PageContext Class
JSP – Architecture
  1. How JSP Work
  2. Model-View-Controller Framework
  3. Explain about Model, View, and Controller
  4. Advantages of MVC
  5. Example of MVC in JSP
  6. JSP Architecture or JSP Processing and its flow in detail
 JSP – Lifecycle: Introduction, Phases, and Methods
  1. What is JSP Life Cycle?
  2. Different Phases of JSP Life Cycle.
  3. JSP Life Cycle Flow of Execution
  4. Different Methods of JSP Life Cycle
  5. Difference between a Web Server, a Web Container, and an Application Server
JSP – Elements
  1. What are JSP Elements?
  2. JSP Directives, Actions, and Scripting Elements
  3. JSP Declarations with Examples
  4. JSP Scriptlets with Examples
  5. JSP Expressions with Examples
JSP – Directives: Page, Include and TagLib
  1. What are Directives in JSP?
  2. The page Directive
  3. Attributes of JSP page directive
  4. Example of each JSP page directive Attributes
  5. The include Directive
  6. Advantage of Include directive
  7. Examples of Include directive
  8. The JSP Taglib Directive
  9. Example of JSP Taglib directive
JSP Comments
  1. XML Based Comments
  2. JSP Based Comments
  3. Java-Based Comments
JSP Scopes
  1. Scope of JSP Objects
  2. Type of Scopes in JSP
  3. JSP Page Scope with Example
  4. Advantages and Disadvantages of JSP Page Scope
  5. JSP Request Scope with Example
  6. Advantages and Disadvantages of JSP Request Scope
  7. JSP Session Scope with Example
  8. Advantages and Disadvantages of JSP Session Scope
  9. JSP Application Scope with Example
  10. Advantages and Disadvantages of JSP Application Scope
JSP – Implicit Objects
  1. What are JSP Implicit Objects?
  2. Types of Implicit Objects in JSP?
  3. Request Object, its Methods, and Example of Request Object
  4. Response Object, its Methods, and Example of Response Object
  5. Out Object, its Methods, and Example of Out Object
  6. Session Object, its Methods, and Example of Session Object
  7. Application Object, its Methods, and Example of Application Object
  8. Config Object, its Methods, and Example of Config Object
  9. PageContext Object, its Methods, and Example of PageContext Object
  10. Page Object, its Methods, and Example of Page Object
  11. Exception Object, its Methods, and Example of Exception Object
JSP Actions: Tags, Syntax, and Examples
  1. What are JSP Actions?
  2. Why do we need JSP Actions?
  3. Types of JSP Actions
  4. Standard Actions
  5. The <jsp:include> Action
  6. The <jsp:param> Action
  7. The <jsp:forward> Action
  8. The <jsp:plugin> Action
  9. The <jsp:fallback> Action
  10. The <jsp:getProperty> Action
  11. The <jsp:setProperty> Action
  12. The <jsp:useBean> Action
  13. The <jsp:attribute> Action
  14. The <jsp:body> Action
  15. The <jsp:text> Action
  16. The <jsp:output> Action
  17. JSP Custom Actions
 JSP – Custom Tags
  1. What are Custom Tags in JSP?
  2. Why do we need custom tags?
  3. How to create Custom Tags?
  4. Taglib Directives
  5. Attributes of Taglib Directives
  6. TLD (Tag Library Descriptor) files
  7. Features of Custom Tags in JSP
  8. Declaring Tag Libraries in JSP
  9. Types of tags
  10. Tags with Attributes
  11. Tags with a Body
  12. Tag Handler
  13. How to invoke Tag Handler?
  14. Tag Handler Methods and Attributes
  15. Custom Tags Examples in JSP
Different Types of Tags and Their Life Cycle in JSP
  1. Different Types of Tags and Their Life Cycle in JSP
  2. Classic Tags in JSP
  3. Tag Interface: Methods, Fields, Life Cycle, and Example of Tag Interface in JSP
  4. Iterator Tags: Methods, Fields, Life Cycle, and Example of Iterator Tag in JSP
  5. Nested Tags in JSP with Example
  6. Body Tags: Methods, Fields, Life Cycle, and Example of Body Tag in JSP
  7. Simple Tag: Methods, Fields, Life Cycle, and Example of Simple Tag in JSP
  8. Attributes of Custom Tag
JSP – Client Request
  1. What is JSP Client Request?
  2. Understanding Request Headers (Accept, Accept-Charset, Accept-Encoding, Accept-Language, Authorization, Connection, Content-Length, Cookie, Host, If-Modified-Since, If-Unmodified-Since, Referer, User-Agent)
  3. The HttpServletRequest Class and its Method
  4. HTTP Header Request Example
JSP – Server Response
  1. What is JSP Server Response?
  2. Understanding Response Headers (Allow, Cache-Control, Connection, Content-Disposition, Content-Encoding, Content-Language, Content-Length, Content-Type, Expires, Last-Modified, Location, Refresh, Retry-After, Set-Cookie)
  3. The HttpServletResponse class and its Method
  4. HTTP Header Response Example
JSP – HTTP Status Codes
  1. What are JSP HTTP Status Codes?
  2. Understanding the HTTP Status Codes
  3. Methods to Set HTTP Status Code
  4. HTTP Status Code Example
JSP – Form Processing
  1. What is Form Processing in JSP?
  2. Methods in Form Processing
  3. Understanding the GET and POST methods
  4. Reading Form Data using JSP
  5. GET Method Example Using URL
  6. GET Method Example Using Form
  7. POST-Method Example Using Form
  8. Passing Form Data to JSP Program
  9. Reading All Form Parameters
JSP – Filters
  1. What is JSP Filter?
  2. Where Do We Use Filters?
  3. How does JSP Filter work?
  4. What is the life cycle of a JSP filter?
  5. Advantages of Filter
  6. JSP Filter Interface / What are the interfaces/methods?
  7. JSP Filter Life cycle
  8. JSP Filter Configuration
  9. Using Multiple Filters
  10. JSP Filter Ordering
  11. JSP Filter Examples
  12. How filter can intercept the request
  13. Write a filter example to read all the init parameters and display them on the screen
  14. Filter Chaining

Type of Filtering

  1. Filter of Request
  2. Filter of Response

Types of Filters in JSP / What are the different filters?

  1. Authentication Filters with Examples
  2. Data compression filters with Examples
  3. Encryption Filters with Examples
  4. MIME chain Filters with Examples
  5. Logging Filters with Examples
  6. Tokenizing Filters with Examples
JSP – Session Tracking
  1. Overview of JSP Session tracking
  2. What is a Session?
  3. Session Management in Java
  4. What is Session Tracking in JSP?
  5. Need Of Session Tracking
  6. Session Tracking Techniques
  7. Cookies
  8. Hidden Form Fields
  9. URL Rewriting
  10. The Session Object
  11. How to get a Session object
  12. Methods of the session object
  13. JSP Session Tracking Examples
  14. JSP session  invalidate
  15. Browser Session vs. Server Session
  16. Store Attributes in the Session Object Wisely
JSP – Cookies Handling
  1. Overview of JSP Cookies Handling
  2. What are Cookies?
  3. How Cookie works
  4. Types of Cookie
  5. Non-persistent cookie
  6. Persistent cookie
  7. Advantages and Disadvantages of Cookies
  8. How to Handle Cookie in JSP?
  9. JSP Cookies API
  10. Servlet Cookies Methods
  11. Restricted characters in cookies
  12. How to Set or Create Cookies with JSP / Sending Cookies to Client
  13. Set Cookies Example with JSP
  14. How to Read Cookies with JSP
  15. How to Delete Cookies with JSP
  16. Delete Cookies Example with JSP
  17. Username and Password Functionality using Cookies example
JSP – File Uploading and Downloading
  1. Overview of JSP File Uploading & Downloading
  2. Uploading a file to the server using JSP
  3. Understanding the MultipartRequest class and its methods
  4. JSP File Upload
  5. Example: Using Action
  6. Example: Using JSP operations
  7. Downloading File
  8. Example of File Downloading
JSP – Handling Date
  1. Methods & Description
  2. Getting Current Date and Time
  3. Date Comparison
  4. Date Formatting using SimpleDateFormat
  5. Simple DateFormat Format Codes
JSP – Standard Tag Library (JSTL)
  1. What is the Standard Tag Library (JSTL) in JSP?
  2. Features of JSTL
  3. Why do we need the Standard Tag Library (JSTL)?
  4. Advantage of JSTL
  5. How to Install the JSTL Library?
  6. Classification of The JSTL Tags
  7. Core Tags
  8. Formatting Tags
  9. SQL Tags
  10. XML tags
  11. JSTL Functions
  12. JSTL Core Tags Examples:
  13. Out
  14. Catch
  15. Import
  16. forEach
  17. If
  18. redirect
JSP – Database Access
  1. Overview of JSP Database Access
  2. What is JDBC?
  3. Why do we need JDBC?
  4. Steps to use JDBC.
  5. MySQL installation
  6. Database Creation
  7. Create Table
  8. Create Data Records
  9. SELECT Operation
  10. INSERT Operation
  11. UPDATE Operation
  12. DELETE Operation
  13. CRUD Operations using Stored Procedure
JSP – XML Data
  1. Overview of XML
  2. What is XML?
  3. Why do we need XML?
  4. XML versus HTML
  5. Advantages of using XML.
  6. How to Create XML?
  7. Presenting XML Documents
  8. Sending XML from a JSP with an Example
  9. Processing XML in JSP with Example
  10. Formatting XML with JSP with Example
  11. Generating XML from JSP with Example
  12. Generating XML from JSP and JavaBeans
  13. Converting XML to Server-Side Objects
  14. Simple API for XML (SAX)
  15. Document Object Model (DOM)
  16. Transforming XML
JSP – JavaBeans
  1. What is JavaBeans in JSP?
  2. Why do we need to use JavaBeans in JSP?
  3. Working on JavaBeans in JSP
  4. Advantages and Disadvantages of JavaBeans
  5. How to access JavaBeans in JSP Application?
  6. JSP JavaBeans Example
JSP – Custom Tags
  1. What are Custom Tags in JSP?
  2. What Can You Do with Custom Tags?
  3. Advantages of Custom Tags
  4. Syntax to use custom tag
  5. Creating a Custom Tag
  6. Accessing the Tag Body
  7. Custom Tag Attributes
  8. JSP Custom Tag API
  9. JspTag interface
  10. Tag interface
  11. Fields of Tag interface
  12. Methods of Tag Interface
  13. IterationTag interface
  14. Field of IterationTag interface
  15. Method of Tag Interface
  16. TagSupport class
  17. Example of JSP Custom Tag
JSP – Expression Language (EL)
  1. What is Expression Language (EL) in JSP?
  2. Why do we need Expression Language (EL) in JSP?
  3. JSP Syntax of Expression Language (EL)
  4. Implicit Objects in Expression Language (EL)
  5. EL param example
  6. EL sessionScope example
  7. EL cookie example
  8. Operators in EL
  9. Precedence of Operators in EL
  10. Reserve words in EL
  11. Functions in JSP EL
  12. JSP EL Implicit Objects
  13. The pageContext Object
  14. The Scope Objects
  15. The param and param Values Objects
  16. header and header Values Objects
  17. Flow Control Statements:
  18. Decision-Making statements
  19. Loop Statements
JSP – Exception Handling
  1. What is JSP Exception?
  2. Exception Handling in JSP
  3. Checked exceptions
  4. Runtime exceptions
  5. Errors
  6. Methods of handling exceptions:
  7. Exception handling using exception implicit object
  8. Exception handling using try-catch blocks within scriptlets
  9. Using JSTL tags for Error Page
  10. JSP Error Page
  11. JSP Error Page Configuration
  12. Error Page Deployment Descriptor Configuration
  13. Example of exception handling in JSP by the elements of page directive
  14. Example of exception handling in JSP by specifying the error-page element in the web.xml file
  15. Catching exceptions directly on the JSP page
  16. Page-level exception handling
  17. Application-level exception handling
JSP – Debugging
  1. Using System.out.println()
  2. Using the JDB Logger
  3. Debugging Tools
  4. Using JDB Debugger
  5. Using Comments
  6. Client and Server Headers
JSP – Security
  1. Overview of JSP Security
  2. Authentication vs Authorization
  3. Authentication Mechanisms
  4. Basic Authentication with an Example
  5. Role-Based Authentication with an Example
  6. Form-Based Authentication with an Example
  7. Programmatic Security in a Servlet/JSP with an Example
JSP – Internationalization| i18n| l10n
  1. Detecting Locale
  2. Languages Setting
  3. Locale Specific Dates
  4. Locale Specific Currency
  5. Locale Specific Percentage
  1. What is MVC Architecture
  2. Advantages of MVC Architecture
  3. MVC Example in JSP
JUnit in JSP
  1. JUnit: What and Why?
  2. Types of Testing
  3. Annotations used in JUnit
  4. Assert class
  5. Test Cases
  1. Maven: What and Why?
  2. Ant Vs Maven
  3. How to install Maven?
  4. Maven Repository
  5. Understanding pom.xml
  6. Maven Example
  7. Maven Web App Example
  8. Maven using Eclipse
JSP Real-time Examples
  1. Registration & Login Form Example
  2. Page Redirecting Example in JSP
  3. Hits Counter Example in JSP
  4. Auto Page Refresh Example
  5. File uploading and downloading Example
  6. Sending Email Example (Send an HTML Email, Send Attachment in Email, Using Forms to Send Email)
  7. Database CRUD Operations example using Stored Procedure

JSP Interview Questions and Answers

What do we expect from you?

We will do our level best to cover all the JSP concepts in these JSP Tutorials for Beginners and Professional Courses, but in the meantime, if you have any specific concept in your mind that you want us to cover, then please leave it as a comment on the comment box, and we will definitely discuss that concept(s) in this JSP course.

Prerequisites for this JSP Tutorials

Before proceeding to this JSP tutorial For Beginners and Professionals course, you should have basic knowledge of HTML (especially forms) and Java OOPs programming. JDBC coding knowledge is essential to connect JSP to the database. Knowledge of core Java concepts is essential and knowing CSS and JavaScript is an added advantage.

Last, but not the least, your valuable feedback is very important and means a lot to us. So, if you have a few minutes, then please let us know your thoughts and feedback on these JSP tutorials For Beginners and Professionals course. Please join our Telegram Channel to learn more and clear your doubts about Java Advance Java, Servlets, JSP, JDBC, and Java Frameworks like Spring, Hibernate, and Struts. Also, join our Java Facebook Group to learn and share your thoughts on Java.

Course Information

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Dot Net Tutorials Dot Net Tutorials Author

Author: Pranaya Rout Pranaya Rout is a Senior Technical Architect with more than 11 Years of Experience, Microsoft MVP, Author, YouTuber, and Blogger eager to learn new technologies. Pranaya Rout has published more than 3,000 articles in his 11-year career. Pranaya Rout has very good experience with Microsoft Technologies, Including C#, VB, ASP.NET MVC, ASP.NET Web API, EF, EF Core, ADO.NET, LINQ, SQL Server, MYSQL, Oracle, ASP.NET Core, Cloud Computing, Microservices, Design Patterns and still learning new technologies.

JSP – Basics

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3 thoughts on “JSP Tutorials for Beginners and Professionals”

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    I read the all your tutorials ” J2SE ” and ” J2EE ” also “JDBC” it’s very good for Java Developer Beginner’s….

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