Introduction to C++ Programming Language
In this article, I am going to give a brief introduction to C++ Programming Language. Please read our previous article, where we discussed the basics of computers, Programs, and how they work. The Topics Covered under this article are as follows:
- What is C++?
- History of C++
- Why C++?
- Advantages and Disadvantages of C++
- Applications of C++
What is C++?
C++ is a high-level general-purpose programming language that is syntactically similar to English, popularly known as an extension of C. Using C++, we can Develop or Code OS (operating System), Games, applications, etc.
History of C++
C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 later it was standardized in the year 1998. The whole intention of Bjarne Stroustrup is to add classes to the existing C language. Earlier C++ is named as ‘C with Classes’ later it was renamed by adding a ++ operator to C in 1983 hence C++ is known as an extension of C which has object-oriented capabilities/paradigm like classes, objects, inheritance, operator overloading, etc.
In 1985 Bjarne Stroustrup C++ programming language was released however in 1989 few more new features were added to C++ programming language like static and protected.
In 1990 C++ reference manual and Turbo C++ compiler got released which creates a Substantial Impact on C++ development.
In 1998 C++ customary advisory and standards committee published the first international standard for C++ ISO which is popularly known as C++98.
Later in 2011 C++ added some more features which include a new loop for each, Auto, variadic templates, new C++ time library, etc. which are popularly known as C++11 features.
Even though technologies changed and many new languages are in the market still C++ plays a Vital role in new technologies like AI, ML, Big Data, etc. In addition, remains one of the popular and go-to languages for developers.
C++ allows you to have a lot of control over computer resources and if rightly handled it gives a great performance in terms of speed. In fact, it is the fastest and growing programming language. Using C++ one can write a program that is memory efficient as there is no garbage collection.
Why I should go for C++?
If you are a graduate in E&C/CS/IS/E&E /Mechanical, there is a huge opportunity for C++ developers in areas Embedded/Robotics/IoT/AI/ML, etc.
C++ has a large online support community and stack overflow has an 80% answer rate for C++. C++ is close to hardware so if you are interested in system programming like designing compilers, hardware design, etc. c++ is the go-to language.
Since C++ offers great speed there is a huge opportunity in graphics design and game development.
Advantages of C++
- C++ is a highly portable language.it is the language of choice when we are developing multiplatform applications.
- C++ gives the user complete control over memory management and if you are developing an application, which needs memory-efficient coding then C++ is the go-to language of choice.
- Compatibility with C acts as an advantage for legacy software to change it object-oriented.
Disadvantages of C++
- Difficult to learn when compared to other high-level languages
- C++ is not a secure language as it supports pointer, global variable moreover friend function.
- Since it, do not have garbage collection mishandling of pointers leads to memory leak and program to crash.
Applications of C++
Using C++, we can develop System software like OS/device drivers.
Using C++, we can develop embedded applications, Virtual Reality games, etc.
In the next article, I am going to discuss how to set up the C++ development environment. Here, in this article, I try to give a brief introduction to C++ Programming Language and I hope you enjoy this introduction to the C++ Programming Language article.
About the Author: Pranaya Rout
Pranaya Rout has published more than 3,000 articles in his 11-year career. Pranaya Rout has very good experience with Microsoft Technologies, Including C#, VB, ASP.NET MVC, ASP.NET Web API, EF, EF Core, ADO.NET, LINQ, SQL Server, MYSQL, Oracle, ASP.NET Core, Cloud Computing, Microservices, Design Patterns and still learning new technologies.