Bug in Software Testing

Bug in Software Testing

In this article, I am going to discuss the Bug in Software Testing. Please read our previous article where we discussed Requirement Traceability Matrix in Software Testing. At the end of this article, you will understand the following important pointers which are related to Bugs in Software Testing.

  1. What is Bug in Software Testing?
  2. Why do Bugs Occur?
  3. Bug Tracking Tools in Software Testing
  4. Lifecycle of Bugs in Software Testing
  5. Bug Report in Software Testing
  6. What Factors Need to be Considered While Reporting a Bug?
  7. What are the Advantages of Bugs in Software Testing?
  8. What are the Disadvantages of Bugs in Software Testing?
What is Bug in Software Testing?

When the predicted and actual behavior in software testing does not match, an incident needs to be reported. An event could be a bug. When a programmer planned to design a specific behavior but the code fails to correctly conform to this behavior due to improper coding implementation, it is the programmer’s fault. The defect is another name for it. In other words, we can say that if the bug or defect is encountered during the execution of the test, it may cause the failure of the components, i.e. does not work as expected from the components. A weakness or default in a software component, system, or program that prevents it from carrying out its intended functions is known as a bug in software testing. For instance, inaccurate definitions of the data, claims, input data, designs, etc.

What is Bug in Software Testing?

The test engineer might not achieve the desired outcome when running the test cases or testing the application. And the bug went by many names in different firms, including errors, problems, issues, faults, and mistakes, among others.

Why do Bugs Occur?

A software testing defect may result from any of the following factors:

  • Incorrect Coding: Incorrect code results in poor implementation. As an illustration, let’s utilize the Gmail application. If we click on the “Inbox” link, it might instead lead us to the “Draught” page. This is a bug since the developer coded it incorrectly, which is why it happened.
  • Lack of Coding: In this case, missing coding indicates that the developer may not have written the code specifically for that feature. For instance, if we use the aforementioned example and click the inbox link, we discover that it is missing entirely, indicating that the functionality has not yet been fully created.
  • Extra Coding: Extra coding in this context refers to the developers’ creation of features that are not required per the client’s specifications. As an illustration, let’s say we have an application form where the client requests that the Name field, First name textbox, and Last name textbox be developed. However, as we can see in the image below, the developers also created the “Middle name” textbox despite the fact that it was not requested by the customer.

Bug in Software Testing

It wastes time and effort to design a feature that is not required by the requirement. It’s also possible that including the extra function will have an impact on the other components as well.

Mention Bug Tracking Tools in Software Testing

Some of the bug-tracking tools are listed below:


A free, capable orchestration tool called TestOps aids in the process of tracking issues. To launch the correct test, in the right place, at the right time, TestOps gives testing teams and DevOps teams a comprehensive, connected picture of their testing, resources, and locations.


  • Applies to desktop, cloud, and Linux software.
  • Compatibility with nearly all test frames on hand: Jasmine, JUnit, Pytest, Mocha, etc.; Jenkins, CircleCI, and management platforms Jira, and Slack are examples of CI/CD tools.
  • Track real-time data for accuracy and error correction.
  • reports from live and comprehensive performance tests to identify the root of any issues.
  • To ensure good quality while planning for the test cycle, use Smart Scheduling.
  • To increase release confidence, rate release readiness.
  • With comments, dashboards, KPI tracking, and potential details conveniently located in one location, collaboration, and transparency are improved.

Gathering particular findings and conducting thorough failure analysis in any framework. Teams in QA and development who use Kualitee look beyond just allocating and monitoring problems. It enables you to produce high-quality software with minor errors, quick QA cycles, and improved build control. The entire suite effortlessly incorporates a test case and test workflow while combining all the features of an effective error management tool. Instead of mixing and matching several tools, you could manage all of your tests in one location.


  • Errors are made, assigned, and tracked.
  • Linking tests, needs, and disability.
  • Errors, test cases, and test cycles that are simple to utilize.
  • Custom reporting, fields, and permissions.
  • A dashboard that is interactive and educational.
  • REST API integration with outside companies.
  • a user-friendly interface that is intuitive.
QA Coverage:

For effective management of all your testing procedures so that you can create high-quality and problem-free products, turn to QA Coverage. With its handicap control module, you may manage faults from the initial diagnosis stage until they are fixed. Each client’s needs can be met by modifying the error tracking procedure. QACoverage offers the capacity to track risks, issues, improvements, ideas, and recommendations in addition to negative tracking. Additionally, it provides comprehensive capabilities for solutions for complicated test management, such as needs management, test case design, test case issuance, and reporting.


  • Manage various Tickets, such as risk, issues, tasks, and development management, and their whole process.
  • Create comprehensive analytics to pinpoint the root causes and degree of difficulty.
  • Support a range of data with email attachments that support the capability.
  • For improved test visibility with automatic notifications, create and configure a workflow.
  • Reports on photos can be sorted by difficulty, importance, type of malfunction, category of disabilities, anticipated correction date, and many other factors.

Tracking bugs, gathering data, and managing website answers are all made simple with BugHerd. Your employees and clients look for reviews on websites to pinpoint the precise issue. Additionally, BugHerd examines the browser, CSS selector data, operating system, and screenshots that you need to swiftly reproduce and fix errors. The Kanban Style Task Board is used to submit technical data, feedback, and distractions. Distractions can be allocated to and maintained there until they are gone. Additionally, BugHerd can interact with your current project management tools, keeping your team informed about issue fixes.

Explain the Lifecycle of Bugs in Software Testing

Let’s examine each phase of the bug life cycle one by one.

Explain the Lifecycle of Bugs in Software Testing

  1. Open: Where it is possible, the programmer starts the bug analysis process at this point and attempts to fix it. The mistake may be sent to one of the following four states: Reject or Not, which is Duplicate, if the programmer believes the flaw to be insufficient.
  2. New: The first stage of the bug life cycle is represented by this classification condition. In the later stages of the bug life cycle, validation and testing are done on these bugs if a new flaw is discovered.
  3. Assigned: A newly formed fault is given to the development team to work on the issue at this level. The project manager or the head of the team will assign this to a designer.
  4. Pending Retest: The defect will remain in the “pending re-test” condition while the tester works on re-testing it after it has been fixed by the designer, who will then give the tester the blame for retesting the defect.
  5. Fixed: The defect status can be changed to “Fixed” if the developer successfully completes the work of fixing the issue by implementing the required changes.
  6. Verified: The defect status is set to “confirmed” if the tester finds no issues with the flaw after the designer assigned the flaw to the testing equipment and assumed it would be fixed properly.
  7. Re-Open: The programmer will then be told to check again, and the defect status will be reopened, if there is still a problem with the flaw.
  8. Closed: The tester updates the defect status to “Closed” if the flaw is not present.
  9. Recheck: The tester then starts the process of re-testing the fault to see if the developer rectified it appropriately and in accordance with the requirement.
  10. Duplicate: Developers modify a defect’s status to “duplicate” if they believe it to be similar to another defect or if the definition of the defect overlaps with another defect.
Explain the Bug Report in Software Testing

Bug reports typically contain the following information:

  1. Name of the Defect or Bug: A brief explanation of the problem. It must be precise and accurate.
  2. Defect/Bug ID: A special number is used to identify the defect.
  3. Defect Description: The defect description contains a thorough description of the bug, together with information about the module where it was discovered. It provides a comprehensive overview that describes the seriousness, importance, anticipated results relative to actual output, etc.
  4. Severity: The defect’s influence on the application being tested is indicated by its severity.
  5. Priority: This is based on how urgently the flaw has to be fixed. Priority can range from High to Low to Medium to Low depending on how urgently the flaw has to be rectified.
  6. Reported By: The tester’s name and ID that reported the bug.
  7. Reported On: The day the issue is brought up.
  8. Steps: These contain thorough instructions as well as screenshots that the developer can use to duplicate the flaw. New, Open, and Active
  9. Fixed By: The developer’s name and ID that made the fix.
  10. Data Closed: The day the flaw was fixed.
What Factors Need to be Considered While Reporting a Bug?

The factors to be considered are:

  1. Before beginning their research on the disability’s life cycle, the entire team should have a firm understanding of the various trauma situations.
  2. A faulty life cycle should be thoroughly documented to avoid confusion in the future.
  3. Ensure that everyone who is involved in the Default Life Cycle has a thorough understanding of their best results work.
  4. Everyone who alters the status quo should be aware of the circumstances, which should provide enough details about the feature’s purpose and nature so that those who are working on it may understand it.
  5. To achieve consistency across mistakes, a feature tracking tool should be handled with care during a defective life cycle task.
What are the Advantages of Bugs in Software Testing?

The benefits of Bugs in Software Testing are:

  1. Early Detection: Bugs found during software testing allow for early detection and resolution, preventing them from reaching end-users and causing potential harm or inconvenience.
  2. Quality Assurance: Identifying and fixing bugs ensures the overall quality of the software product, leading to improved user experience and customer satisfaction.
  3. Cost-Effective: Catching and fixing bugs during the testing phase is less expensive than addressing them after the software has been deployed, where they can lead to costly maintenance, support, or legal issues.
  4. Increased Reliability: Thorough bug testing improves the reliability and stability of the software, reducing the likelihood of crashes, data corruption, or system failures.
  5. Enhanced Security: Bugs often expose vulnerabilities that can be exploited by malicious actors. Detecting and patching these bugs strengthens the software’s security, protecting user data and maintaining trust.
What are the Disadvantages of Bugs in Software Testing?

The drawbacks of Bugs in Software Testing are:

  1. Inaccurate Results: Bugs can lead to incorrect test results, making it difficult to accurately assess the software’s functionality and performance.
  2. Time-Consuming: Identifying and fixing bugs can be a time-consuming process, potentially delaying the software development timeline and release.
  3. Costly: Bugs can result in increased costs due to the additional time and resources required for bug fixing, retesting, and potential customer support.
  4. User Dissatisfaction: Software bugs can negatively impact the user experience, leading to frustration, loss of trust, and even abandonment of the software or application.
  5. Security Vulnerabilities: Bugs can create security loopholes, making the software vulnerable to attacks and compromising sensitive data.

In the next article, I am going to discuss Bug Life Cycle in Software Testing. Here, in this article, I try to explain the Bug in Software Testing. I hope you enjoy this Software Testing Bug article.

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