Creating First Java Program

Creating First Java Program

In this article, we are going to discuss Creating the first Java program and we will also discuss how to compile and run Java Program. Please read our previous article, where we discussed the Environment for Java in windows Operating System. You can use Text Editor as well as Eclipse IDE to run the Java Program. 

Simple Hello World Program in Java
public class FirstProgram
{
    Public static void main(String args[])
        {
        System.out.println(“Hello World”);
        }//End of Main
}//End of class

Output: Hello World

To Compile and Run the Above Program

Step-1: Open the Text Editor like Notepad, then Copy and Paste the above code in the text editor.

Compile and Run the Java Program

Step-2: Save the file as FirstProgram.java. You may be wondering why we have named the file as FirstProgram, the thing is that we should always name the file the same as the public class name. In our program, the public class name is FirstProgram, that’s why our file name should be saved as FirstProgram.java

Creating First Java Program

Step-3: Now we will Compile the program. To compile the program, open your Command Prompt and type javac FirstProgram.java and press Enter.

NOTE: You may get this error when you try to compile the program: “javac” is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program, or batch file“. This error occurs when the java path is not set in your system. In this case, you first need to set the Path before compiling your program.

Set Path in Windows:

Open cmd, copy the complete path where you have installed java in your system and write it in cmd.

Note: This path setting is temporary, when you close the cmd you will lose the path setting and you need it set it again when you want to run the code.

set path=C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_121\bin

Step-4: After compilation the .java file gets translated into the .class file(byte code). Now we can run the program. To run the program, type the following command and press enter:

java FirstProgram

Note: You don’t need to append .java while running the code.

Closer look to the First Java Program

public class FirstProgram{

This is the first line of our java program. Every java application must have at least one class definition that consists of a class keyword followed by class name. When I say the keyword, it means that it should not be changed, we should use it as it is. However, the class name can be anything.

I have made the class public by using public access modifier, I will cover access modifier in a separate post, all you need to know now that a java file can have any number of classes but it can have only one public class and the file name should be same as the public class name.

public static void main(String args[])

Where,

  1. public: This makes the main method public which means that we can call the method from outside the class.
  2. static: We do not need to create an object for static methods to run. They can run itself.
  3. void: It does not return anything.
  4. main: It is the method name. This is the entry point method from which the JVM can run your program.
  5. (String[] args): Used for command-line arguments that are passed as strings. We will cover that in a separate post.

System.out.println(“Hello World”);

This method prints the contents inside the double quotes into the console and inserts a newline after.

Create, Compile and Run Java Program in Eclipse IDE

Step-1 : Select File -> New -> Java Project from the Menu. Enter the project name as “MyFirstProject” and press FINISH Button to create the project.

Create, Compile and Run Java Program in Eclipse IDE

Step-2: Now Create Package. Right-click on the Java Project you created and select New -> Package from the menu. Enter the Package name as “Demo” and click on the finish button.

Create, Compile and Run Java Program in Eclipse IDE

Step-3: Now we will create our first class. Right-click on the package and select new -> Class. Enter the class name as “FirstProgram” and select “public static void main(String args[])” checkbox and click FINISH.

Create, Compile and Run Java Program in Eclipse IDE

This creates a new file and opens the Java editor where you can write your first Java Program.

Create, Compile and Run Java Program in Eclipse IDE

Step-4: Now run your code. Either right-click on your Java class in the Package Explorer or right-click in the Java class and select Run-as Java application.

Run Java Program in Eclipse IDE

The eclipse will run your Java program. You should see the output in the Console view.

Create, Compile and Run Java Program in Eclipse IDE Congratulations! You created That’s it. You successfully created your first Java project, a package, a Java class and you ran this program inside Eclipse.

In the next article, I am going to discuss Data Types in Java Application with examples. Here, in this article, I try to explain, Creating the first Java program as well as how to compile and run the java program step by step. I hope you enjoy this Creating the first Java program article.

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