Private vs Public vs Hybrid Cloud

Private vs. Public vs. Hybrid Cloud in Cloud Computing

In this article, I will discuss Private vs. Public vs. Hybrid Clouds in Cloud Computing. Please read the following three articles before proceeding to this article. In our previous three articles, we discussed what these three (Private, Public, and Hybrid) clouds are, their benefits and limitations, and use cases.

  1. Public Cloud
  2. Private Cloud
  3. Hybrid Cloud
Private vs. Public vs. Hybrid Cloud in Cloud Computing

Private, public, and hybrid clouds are different deployment models in cloud computing, each offering distinct benefits and use cases. Let’s explore these three models:

Cloud Hardware:
  • Private Cloud: The entire cloud infrastructure (i.e., the physical servers, storage, networking, etc.) must be purchased by the organization that owns the private cloud. For example, a large corporation, like a bank, sets up its own data centers to handle sensitive financial data.
  • Public Cloud: Infrastructure is provided and maintained by a third-party provider like Amazon Web Services or Microsoft Azure. Users access resources over the internet. Example: A startup might use AWS or Azure to host its website and manage data.
  • Hybrid Cloud: For the private cloud, your organization must provide the infrastructure, while the public cloud service provider provides the infrastructure for the public cloud. For example, a retail company might use a private cloud for processing transactions while leveraging the public cloud for analytics and customer relationship management.
  • Private Cloud: Single-tenancy. It is dedicated to a single organization; all resources are exclusively used by one business, enhancing security and control. For example, a healthcare provider uses a private cloud to store patient records securely, ensuring that no other organizations share the same infrastructure.
  • Public Cloud: Multi-tenancy: Resources are shared among multiple tenants. This multi-tenancy allows cost savings and flexibility but can raise concerns about data privacy and interference. Example: Various small businesses share Microsoft Azure’s services to host their applications, all sharing the underlying infrastructure but logically separated.
  • Hybrid Cloud: The private part of the hybrid cloud is used by a single organization, while the public part is used by multiple organizations. For example, a healthcare provider may store patient data on a private cloud while using public cloud services for research and data analysis with external partners.
  • Private Cloud: Can offer consistent, high performance as resources are dedicated to a single organization. For example, a video game development company uses a private cloud to ensure low latency and high performance during testing.
  • Public Cloud: Performance can vary based on shared resources and network congestion. However, public clouds often provide advanced performance features like auto-scaling. For example, an e-commerce site uses AWS to handle variable traffic, using auto-scaling to maintain performance during high-demand periods.
  • Hybrid Cloud: Can balance performance needs by using the private cloud for high-performance applications and the public cloud for scalable, less performance-critical tasks. For example, a media company uses a private cloud for video editing and rendering, while the public cloud handles content distribution.
Data Center Location:
  • Private Cloud: Inside the organization’s corporate network. For example, a university has its own data center on campus to manage internal IT resources.
  • Public Cloud: Anywhere on the Internet. Public cloud (like AWS and Azure) data centers, for example, are typically located in many countries across the globe. AWS data centers are located globally to ensure users can access services quickly, regardless of their location.
  • Hybrid Cloud: The private cloud data center is typically inside the organization’s corporate network, and the public cloud data center could be anywhere on the internet. For example, a logistics company hosts its sensitive tracking data on-premises and uses Microsoft Azure for less critical applications accessible globally.
  • Private Cloud: The physical infrastructure owned by an organization limits the private cloud’s scalability. Scaling up requires additional hardware investment. For example, an e-commerce company during peak sales periods may struggle if its private cloud cannot scale quickly.
  • Public Cloud: We never run out of resources in a public cloud. It provides near-unlimited scalability. For example, streaming services like Netflix use public cloud capabilities to handle vast data and many simultaneous streams during new releases.
  • Hybrid Cloud: The scalability of the private cloud services and resources is limited by the underlying available infrastructure, whereas we do not have such a limitation with the public cloud services. For example, an educational institution uses its private cloud for regular operations but switches to AWS during online exams to handle increased traffic.
Cloud Maintenance: 
  • Private Cloud: The organization itself is responsible for setting up and maintaining the private cloud, which includes software updates, security patches, etc. For example, a large enterprise may employ a dedicated IT team to manage and update its private cloud infrastructure.
  • Public Cloud: The cloud service provider is responsible for setting up and maintaining the public cloud. Organizations and even the general public can use public cloud services by paying a monthly fee. For example, Small businesses without large IT departments rely on Google Cloud to manage their computing resources, focusing more on business development rather than infrastructure management.
  • Hybrid Cloud: The private cloud is managed by the organization that owns it, while the public cloud is managed by the cloud service provider. For example, a tech firm manages its internal private cloud but uses IBM Cloud for external customer services.
  • Private Cloud: This involves huge initial capital expenditures as the organization must purchase all the cloud hardware, set it up, and maintain it. The organization needs to hire staff to maintain the private cloud, so there is a monthly operating expenditure as well. For example, a large enterprise invests millions in setting up and maintaining a private cloud data center.
  • Public Cloud: There is no initial capital expenditure with the public cloud, but you pay a monthly fee for the public cloud services you use. The more you use the services, the more you have to pay. The overall price tag may be higher than you anticipated, especially if you use many public cloud services for a long time. For example, a startup spends only on what it uses on AWS, with costs scaling with its growth.
  • Hybrid Cloud: With the private cloud, the organization faces both the initial capital expenditure and monthly operating expenses to maintain it. With the public cloud, you pay a monthly fee for the services and resources you use. 
  • Private Cloud: Only the organization that owns the private cloud can access private cloud resources and services. For example, a corporate intranet that is only accessible to employees within the company network.
  • Public Cloud: A public cloud is exposed to the public so anyone can access its resources and services. For example, cloud-based applications like Dropbox or Office 365 are accessible to any user with an internet connection.
  • Hybrid Cloud: Private cloud services can be accessed only by the organization that owns them, whereas public cloud services can be accessed by anyone. For example, an organization might use a private cloud for all internal data processing and a public cloud service like Amazon S3 for hosting publicly accessible media files.
  • Private Cloud: Generally offers higher levels of security because the infrastructure is dedicated to a single organization. For example, a bank might use a private cloud to ensure that its data handling meets strict regulatory requirements for security and privacy.
  • Public Cloud: Security is managed by the service provider, which implements broad security standards applicable to all its customers. While public clouds are typically very secure, the shared nature can introduce vulnerabilities or compliance issues for sensitive data. For example, E-commerce businesses must ensure that their customer data stored in public clouds complies with PCI-DSS and GDPR.
  • Hybrid Cloud: Security must be managed across two environments, which can introduce complexity. Sensitive data can be kept on the private cloud with stricter security controls, while less sensitive operations can kept the public cloud. For example, a healthcare provider may store patient records securely on a private cloud, while using public cloud resources for research and development projects. 

In the next article, I will discuss Different Types of Services in Cloud Computing. In this article, I explain the differences between Private, Public, and Hybrid Cloud in Cloud Computing. I hope you enjoy this Private vs. Public vs. Hybrid Cloud in Cloud Computing article. 

1 thought on “Private vs Public vs Hybrid Cloud”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *